Kosovo is situated in the central part of the Balkan. In the Southwest, it is bordered by Albania, in the West by Montenegro, in the North by Serbia and in the East and Southeast by Macedonia.
The territory extends within longitudes 41° 50’ 58’’ and 43° 15’ 42’’ and within latitudes 20° 01’ 30’’ and 21° 48’ 02’’
Kosovo covers a surface area of approx. 10,900 km² and is characterised by an average altitude of 800 m above sea level, but showing vertical changes of relief and morphology. These morphological changes are a consequence of the geological setting. The lowest point of Kosovo is located at an elevation of 297 m (Drini i Bardhë/Beli Drim, at the border to Albania). The country rises up to the highest point in the South of Kosovo – Djeravicë/Gjeravica at 2,565 m.
From the geographical point of view, Kosovo can be subdivided into two large regional flat units, after ÇAVOLLI: The north-eastern part is referred to as “Rrafshi i Kosovës”, the south-western part as “Rrafshi i Dukagjinit”. They are characterised by special climatic-geographical conditions. For instance, several subunits like Drenica, Novobërdës dhe Gollakut, Fusha e Kosovës, Fusha e Moravë, Podujevë, and so on, are distinguished.
The border between Rrafshi i Dukagjinit and Rrafshi i Kosovës forms the surface water divide between the Adriatic Sea on the one side and the Black Sea and Aegean Sea on the other side.
Kosovo is surrounded by several high mountain ranges. The northern part is occupied by the Kopaonik mountains (above 2,000 m), which are characterised by abrasive activity, both fluvial and glacial. In the southern and south-western part of Kosovo, at the border to Macedonia, the Mali i Sharrit/Šar Planina mountains are located (above 2,500 m). The western part of Kosovo (border to Albania) includes parts of the Alpet Shqipatare/Albanian Alps mountains and the Mali i Moknes/Mokra Gora mountains (border to Montenegro). These areas are characterised by rocky material, high mountains and deep gorges.
In the central part of Kosovo, western and north-western of Prishtinë/Priština, the mountain ranges Bjeshket e Çiçavice/Čičavica and Golesh/Goleš, Carralevë/Crnoljeva and Milanovc/Milanovac are located, which are characterized by artistic forms, both fluvial and abrasive, rising to elevations of about 1,000 m.
The part of Kosovo, which is characterized by far flat areas, covers a surface of approx. 36 % of the country territory. These basins are characterized by elevations between 400 and 700 m above sea level.